Civil War Trails Marker Officially Dedicated and Unveiled at Pen Mar Park
PHOTO CAP: The CVB's Tom Riford MC-ed and spoke at the official dedication and unveiling of the new Civil War Trails marker at Pen Mar Park. Joining Tom Riford was author and historian John Miller, the One Mountain Foundation's Gary Muller, and Maryland DNR Ranger Rob Bailey. Photo credit: Angie Nichols
Civil War Trails Marker Officially Dedicated and Unveiled at Pen Mar Park; Battle of Monterey Pass Historical Marker Paid for by CVB
(Cascade, MD): The new Maryland Civil War Trails marker for the Battle of Monterey Pass was officially unveiled at a ceremony at Pen Mar Park as part of the annual Everybody's Day celebration.
The marker was paid for by the Hagerstown-Washington County Convention and Visitors Bureau and was made possible by the efforts of the One Mountain Foundation. The Washington County Parks and Recreation Department also assisted with site selection at Pen Mar Park.
Tom Riford, president and CEO of the Hagerstown-Washington County Convention and Visitors Bureau, was the master of ceremonies for Sunday's unveiling.
Gary Muller of the One Mountain Foundation gave remarks; as well as John Miller, renown author and historian, and chairman and founder of the Monterey Pass Battlefield Association.
"The Battle of Monterey Pass is a story which hasn't been fully told, or appreciated," Riford said. "A new marker on the Pennsylvania side of the line was unveiled and dedicated recently, and it's fitting that a marker be unveiled on the Maryland side of the line. We hope that people coming to Pen Mar Park understand what happened here during the Retreat from Gettysburg, and realize the historic importance of this site."
The Battle of Monterey Pass caused more than 1,500 casualties, and an almost equal number of prisoners taken. The battle began 10 days of conflict in Washington County, Maryland, Riford said.
The Battle of Monterey Pass started on the evening of July 4, 1863, during the armies' retreat from Gettysburg. A Confederate wagon train of Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, withdrew after the Battle of Gettysburg, and Union cavalry under Brig. Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick attacked the retreating Confederate column.
After a lengthy delay in which a small detachment of Maryland cavalrymen delayed Kilpatrick's division, the Union cavalrymen captured numerous Confederate prisoners and destroyed hundreds of wagons. The battle is known as the only military action that occurred on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line.
The marker was installed in Washington County in June, as part of the Civil War Trails program, and is one of 800 interpretive markers at Civil War sites in Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, West Virginia, and North Carolina.