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Adult Day Care Services

Adult Day Care Services
Put together by: Easter Seals Greater Washington-Baltimore Region

"I, Ronald Reagan, President of the United States of American, do hereby proclaim the week beginning on September 25, 1983 as National Adult Day Care Center Week, and I call upon every American community to consider the value of adult day care centers and to give appropriate recognition to centers offering these important services throughout that week. Proclamation 5107- National Adult Care Center Week, and I call upon every American community to consider the value of adult day care centers and to give appropriate recognition to centers offering these important services throughout that week."
In 1983, Former President Ronald Reagan recognized the need for adult day services and the need is still visible today. Adult day service centers provide coordinated program of professional and compassionate services for adults in a community-based group setting. Services are designed to provide social and health services to adults who need supervised care in a safe place outside the home during the day. They also afford caregivers respite from the demanding responsibilities of caregiving. Each adult day facility differs in terms of features, these general services are offered by most centers:
* Social & Therapeutic Activities - interaction with other participants in planned activities appropriate for their conditions.
* Transportation - door -to-door service.
* Meals and snacks - participants are provided with meals and snacks, those with special dietary needs receive special meals.
* Personal care - help with toileting, eating and other personal activities of daily living.
In general, there are three types of adult day centers: social (which provides meals, recreation and some health-related services), medical (which provides social activities as well as more intensive health and therapeutic services) and specialized (which provide services only to specific care recipients, such as those diagnosed dementias or developmental disabilities. Caregivers typically select the type of center a care recipient attends based on the care needed.
By 1978, adult day center managers saw the need to establish national standardized criteria that would allow caregivers the ability to rate and fully understand what adult day centers would provide for their loved ones. Thus, the National Adult Day Services Association formed in 1979. Since then, NADSA has made great progress in promoting the concept of adult day services as a viable community-based care option for people with disabilities within the larger constellation of long-term care services.
* The most recent nationwide survey of adult day centers confirmed over 3,400 centers operating in the United States providing care for 150,000 care recipients each day.
* The average age of individuals who attend adult day care is 72 years old, and two-thirds of all adult day center care recipients are women.
* Nearly 78% of adult day centers are operated on a non-profit or public basis and most are affiliated with larger organization such as home care, skilled nursing facilities, or multi-purpose senior organizations.
* Thirty-five percent of the adult day center care recipients live with an adult child, 20% with a spouse, 18% in an institutional setting, 13% with parents or other relatives, while 11% live alone.
* Daily fees for adult day services vary depending upon the services provided. The national average rate for an adult day care center is $61 per day compared to an average rate for home health aides of $19 per hour.
Adult day care services are a welcomed respite opportunity for individuals who work or who need stretches of time away from there loved one to complete tasks, socialize, or just refresh. Additionally, adult day care can be beneficial to the participant when he or she is willing and able to be a part of the adult day care experience.

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